The Scottish wildcat (Felis silvestris grampia), or Highlands tiger, is a dark coloured subspecies of the European wildcat native to Scotland. Its range previously also included England and Wales, but it became extinct in these areas, as well as in southern Scotland, within the last 150 years. Extant numbers are estimated at between 100 and 300. The Scottish wildcat population is threatened primarily by hybridisation with domestic cats. It is the only wild feline left on the island of Great Britain.
Males weigh 8.2 to 16 pounds, females 5.2 to 10.3 pounds.
It may be the case that there are no Scottish wildcats left in existence which do not possess some kind of domestic ancestry. The Scottish government has begun an program to save them.